It means relations between the management of an industrial enterprise and its employees. Employer-employee relationships that are covered specifically under collective bargaining and industrial relation laws. The term “industrial relations” has developed both a broad and a narrow meaning.
Originally, industrial relations were broadly defined to include the totality of relationships and interactions between employers and employees. From this perspective, industrial relations cover all aspects of the employment relationship, including human resource (or personnel) management, employee relations, and union-management (or labor) relations.