Still now, various extensive instance after the so called ‘dot com/Internet revolution’, electronic commerce remains a comparatively innovative, rising and continually shifting region of business management and information technology. There has been too much publicity and discussion about e-commerce. Library catalogues and bookshelves are pouring out with books and articles on the subject matter. Conversely, there remainder a sense of uncertainty, doubt and confusion surrounding the area, which has been intensify by the different contexts in which electronic commerce is used, attached with the myriad related buzzwords and acronyms. This book aims to combine the major themes that have take place from the new area of electronic commerce and to provide an understanding of its function and importance to management. In order to know electronic commerce it is important to recognize the dissimilar stipulations that are used, and to review their origin and usage.
As per the editor-in-chief of International Journal of Electronic Commerce, Vladimir Zwass: Electronic commerce is division of business information, maintaining business associations and conducting business transactions by means of telecommunications networks. He preserves that in its purest form, electronic commerce has subsisted for over 40 years, begin from the electronic broadcast of messages during the Berlin airlift in 1948. From this, electronic information interchange was the next arena of e-commerce advancement. In the 1960s a supportive attempt between industry groups produced a first effort at universal electronic data layout. The layouts, however, were only for purchasing, transportation and finance information, and were used principally for intra-industry transactions. It was not in anticipation of the late 1970s where effort began for national Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) customary which developed well into the early 1990s. EDI is the electronic shift of a standardized business transaction a sender and receiver computer, over some sort of private or value added network (VAN). Both faces would have to have the identical application software and the data would be exchanged in an enormously rigorous system. In sectors such as retail, automotive, security and deep manufacturing, EDI was developed to incorporate information across superior parts of an organization’s value chain from design to preservation so that manufacturers could allocate information through designers, maintenance and additional associates and stakeholders. Earlier than the widespread uptake and commercial exercise of the Internet, the EDI system was very costly to run mainly because of the high cost of the private networks. Consequently, uptake was limited largely to cash-rich multinational corporations using their financial force to pressure and persuade minor suppliers to apply EDI systems, often at a extremely high cost. In 1996 not more than 50,000 companies in Europe and 44,000 in the USA were utilizing EDI, representing less than 1 per cent of the whole number of companies in each of the respective continents. As per Zwass, electronic commerce has been re-defined by the dynamics of the Internet and conventional e-commerce is quickly moving to the Internet. With the beginning of the Internet, the phrase e-commerce include:
● Electronic traffic of physical goods and of intangibles such as information.
● Every stair involved in trade, such as on-line marketing, ordering payment and support for delivery.
● The electronic stipulation of services such as after sales hold up or on-line legal counsel.
Electronic Commerce (EC) is where business transactions take place by means of telecommunications networks, especially by the Internet. Electronic commerce explains the buying and selling of products, services, and information through computer networks comprising the Internet. Electronic commerce is concerning doing business electronically. The large series of business activities related to e-commerce brought about a range of additional new terms and phrases to describe the Internet experience in other business sectors. Some of these focuses on acquire from on-line supplies on the Internet.